Companies engaged in providing outsourcing services were to emerge in the late 19th century in the United States and Western Europe. Developing more and more outsourcing gaining in popularity and cover all new industry in its development. The Russian market is outsourcing services developed its own identity by way of development. A key moment in its formation was the crisis that hit the country in 1998, when many companies bankrupt. This event threw the Russian economy a few steps back. Thus, at the time of revival of the market entrepreneurs belonged to the innovation with caution. The main incentive for the introduction of outsourcing in Russia it was the desire of owners to save on the costs of the organizations (depreciation of equipment, rental of premises, the savings on sn.
earners). The first companies engaged in the provision of such services are security organization, then the development have different marketing and PR-agencies. Most common in Russia was outsourced accounting and IT – services. Transmission system administration party organizations can minimize costs to companies with a small number of employees. Accounting services are the most common form of outsourcing, and to this day. This is largely due, First of all, the necessity and importance of accounting in the enterprise. After all, no one entity can not exist without an accountant, but not everyone can afford to have staff of such a person, but most likely not yet one! After all, if an enterprise is only one accountant question about vacation or sick leave is quite acute. To solve these and many other issues helps to transfer the accounting responsibilities to conduct specialized organization. Should be disseminated type of outsourcing in Russia began to call-centers, focused on providing marketing services. Thus. we can conclude that this market sector is actively developing, is quite attractive for both large and small organizations!
Any organization someone manages. The organization was founded in order to achieve some goal. Whether this has been achieved? It depends on many factors. And above all, a man who "stands at the helm of power," namely, the personality qualities, character traits, which are manifested in behavior toward a subordinate is leadership style, from his knowledge and skills, ie "Levers" by which the leader controls the organization consider More aforementioned characteristics. Style of leadership – the kind of behavior with respect to the head with his subordinates in the process of achieving the objective, that habitual way of behaving in relation to the head subordinates to influence them and encourage them to achieve organizational goals. The most common styles of leadership are: authoritarian, democratic and liberal. Authoritarian style of management to It is characterized by rigid one-man decision-leader of all the decisions, hard continuous monitoring of the outcome of the threat of punishment, lack of interest to the employee as an individual. Employees should perform only what they ordered.
At the same time they receive a minimum of information. Due to constant monitoring, this management style provides quite acceptable results on nepsihologicheskim criteria: income, productivity, product quality can be good. But at what cost? Disadvantages of style: the high probability of erroneous decisions, the suppression of subordinate initiative, slowing innovation, stagnation, passivity, employees, staff turnover. The democratic style of management Management decisions are made based on discussion of the problem, reflecting the opinions and initiatives of staff, implementation of the decisions and controlled the head, and house staff; director is interested and kind attention to the individual staff members to address their concerns, needs and circumstances. This style of governance involves the interaction based on trust and understanding. Important manufacturing problems are discussed, and on this basis produces a solution. Head strongly stimulates and encourages the initiative of his subordinates.