So Paulo

We can notice that the limits of Saints, that is, the initial urban small farm was imprisoned to the bulks, brooks, fen and the sea. Such elements had been able, at that time colonial, to define its linear aspect and little ramified from a main axle that if extended in the direction east-west. Saints needed to pass per four centuries, practically, from its foundation, so that, with the national economic growth, the opening of the ports and the advent of the coffee, could transpose its initial limits and take off left of its land, heading for the opposing maritime edge to axle Outeiro (quartis) – Valongo. This bigger dynamism, had the effective participation and determination of the santista elite, in a process of reorganization in ways of living and in the search of its physical space in connection with ' ' new gosto' '. In a traveller story the lack of inns is pointed, to little hospitality of the santista and one brief description of the space as having only one street throughout the river. Well that if it notices little activity very in summarized population, it is this port the most important of all province and the exclusive warehouse of the commerce of importation and exportation that searchs the part northern of So Paulo. As we know, in the end of century XVIII the coffee already appeared as product of exportation of the port of Saints.

Until that moment the village did not have great expression. Its land for the sugar cane-of-sugar culture was not appropriate and its distance of the mineradora region had contributed city to fall it in marasmo. When analyzing the transformations of the urban mesh of the second half of century XVII of the Saints colonial in confrontation with the plants of the beginning of century XVIII, we perceive the same urban net. The urban life continued denser in the neighborhoods of the port.

Saint Antonio

From 1850 it had until interdiction to the access to the masses in the Saint Antonio for the quarteleiros and to the ones of the Matrix for the valongueiros. The invocation of the cavalry of the provincial government was necessary to cease the tumults. The cavalry was defeated by the population that would have tressed the street with wire wires. With the growth of the exportation of the sugar, middle of the XVIII, is that the city took new impulse, with the equipment of the port and the consolidation of a classroom of traders. In the government of Bernardo Jose de Lorena, for its order, the santista port if consolidated in monopolizador of the exporting commerce of the captainship. The great sugar production and of aguardente always was centered in the coast, mainly in the region of the northward santista lowered one. The production for the exportation appears for 1780 return, progressing up to 89 when it started to decay. Lorena governor wanted to stimulate the direct commerce of the Captainship with the Metropolis, being attracted an increasing number of ships in the port of Saints.

For in such a way, he had necessity of bigger volume of products. With the increment, favoring the commerce of Saints, the agriculturists of ' ' mountain range acima' ' , they were entusiasmaram with the culture of the sugar cane. On the other hand, the croppers of the coast north (Ubatuba, Is Sebastio and Paraty) had entered in crisis. The claims against the santista monopoly had been as much that the Kingdom ordered to select. Inside of the measures of aiding it was construction of the Sidewalk of the Lorena, a way of rock between Santos and So Paulo, and the terrestrial linking with Cubato speeding the commerce of sugar made for troops of muares. New activities urban parallel bars and professions appeared entailed to the commerce of the product.