Saint Antonio

From 1850 it had until interdiction to the access to the masses in the Saint Antonio for the quarteleiros and to the ones of the Matrix for the valongueiros. The invocation of the cavalry of the provincial government was necessary to cease the tumults. The cavalry was defeated by the population that would have tressed the street with wire wires. With the growth of the exportation of the sugar, middle of the XVIII, is that the city took new impulse, with the equipment of the port and the consolidation of a classroom of traders. In the government of Bernardo Jose de Lorena, for its order, the santista port if consolidated in monopolizador of the exporting commerce of the captainship. The great sugar production and of aguardente always was centered in the coast, mainly in the region of the northward santista lowered one. The production for the exportation appears for 1780 return, progressing up to 89 when it started to decay. Lorena governor wanted to stimulate the direct commerce of the Captainship with the Metropolis, being attracted an increasing number of ships in the port of Saints.

For in such a way, he had necessity of bigger volume of products. With the increment, favoring the commerce of Saints, the agriculturists of ' ' mountain range acima' ' , they were entusiasmaram with the culture of the sugar cane. On the other hand, the croppers of the coast north (Ubatuba, Is Sebastio and Paraty) had entered in crisis. The claims against the santista monopoly had been as much that the Kingdom ordered to select. Inside of the measures of aiding it was construction of the Sidewalk of the Lorena, a way of rock between Santos and So Paulo, and the terrestrial linking with Cubato speeding the commerce of sugar made for troops of muares. New activities urban parallel bars and professions appeared entailed to the commerce of the product.

Brazil And Colombia

Brazil is currently world-wide the producing greater of coffee. in accordance with Beling (2005 P. 39) the position of leadership of Brazil in the coffee production has little possibility of being threatened in short term, because the main Brazilian competitors today have production levels that are far from threatening the Brazilian supremacy. The Colombia that already produced 18 million bags is now the harvest stabilized between 10 and 12 million bags. The Vietnam not yet exceeded of consistent form the platform of 15 million bags.

The average of annual production of coffee in Brazil is of 36 million bags. On the basis of this calculation, 22 million bags are destined to the exportation and the remain goes for the internal consumption. This volume places Brazil as main exporting and responsible country for more than one tero of the world-wide production? three times more than what Colombia, as the bigger exporter. In accordance with Beling ' ' the coffee more than continues being an important generator of verge for the country, contributing with 2% of the total value of exportaes' '. 2.3.2 The IMPORTANCE OF the COFFEE FOR the Stolen BRAZILIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT makes reference the transformations: Hardly an observer who studied the Brazilian economy for the half of century XIX would arrive to perceive the amplitude of the transformations that in it if would operate in elapsing of the half century that if initiative. They had passed three rooms of century where the dominant characteristic is the stagnation or the decay.

To the fast demographic growth of base migratory of the three first quartis of century XVIII it succeeds a relatively slow vegetative growth in the subsequent period. To the observer of today, it is figured perfectly clearly that, to surpass the stage of the stagnation, Brazil needed to reintegrate in the lines in expansion deals of it international. In a country without technique and in which it practically did not form capitals that could be deviated for new activities, the only exit that offered century XIX for the development I deal was it international.


Nearly two hundred years ago in Naples Italy, bakers have started to prepare a dish that is designed exclusively for the poor – cakes of dough, top before baking which smeared a layer of tomatoes, sprinkle with oregano and olive oil flavor. Only sometimes for an extra coin on top fit a little cheese. Yet birthday pizza by historical standards is from the famous pizza named "Margarita", which Chef Raphael Esposito prepared at the request of residents of Naples in 1889, the eleventh of June – specifically for the spouse of the autocrat Umberto, Queen Margaret. It is possible that historians should believe, and the queen simply wanted to pick up the keys to the hearts of his people and to taste the dish, so loved by them. But the pizza so much liking the Queen that she had trained chefs cook in Naples so unassuming at first view food. According to legend, Esposito made the three types of pizza.

But the queen liked only one that included tomatoes, basil and mozzarella, with colors of the Italian flag. Since then, the pizza and it was called "Margarita." Again as the legend herself the queen gave her name to the amazing sight of food. Many of the nations of the world differ in conservative, but the Italians in their love for Pizza "Margarita" surpassed all others. This pizza is not so much eaten by the dozens million units per year, but also exported in frozen form in all countries of our planet. It is believed that the pizza is cooked, even in Italy itself, and only brought to condition in France, does not reflect the true taste authentic Italian pizza. Every Italian knows – to taste the real pizza, you need to go to the city of Naples. But at the same time any of the Italians in any city in Italy will be hard to heap praise on tour unbeaten taste of pizza, cooked in a nearby pizzeria to his house.

Hard Fate

As we know, our region is located in the steppe zone. Nevertheless, the nature of the Volgograd region has a wide diversity of species of flora and fauna. Many unique places such as Blue Mountain in , Lake Elton and the Volga- floodplain, once again confirm this. One of the most important factor in the destruction of the environment is devastating human impact. And one of the manifestations of it – fires.

One of the fires of 2006 year, which occurred in Kalachevskyi area, as it turned out, there was a fault of the person. The situation is standard: the farmer, not wanting to spend money on organizing the export of straw from his field, he decided to burn it. The fire spread to the forest belt and the surrounding area. And there to pine array was at hand. Although in order to avoid fire and at the same time, save money, it was necessary only to plow a strip of land along the perimeter of burned areas. Another cause of the fire – an uncontrolled burning of illegal dumping.

The mechanism of the spread of fire is the same. According to the Forestry Administration of the Volgograd region in 2006, our region has occurred 112 forest fires, including those caused by man – 80%. This year there were already 7 fires, though the fire season has just begun. Destroyed more than 23 hectares of forest plantations. At the briefing the press club representatives of the Office Forestry reported on steps taken to prepare for fire season 2007. First, be prepared and approved by all necessary regulations, including the Action Plan in preparation for fire season and the organization of forest fire in 2007, as well as the disposal of the head of the regional administration, nk Maksyuta "On measures to strengthen the protection of forests from fires in 2007." Secondly, in April, based on Archedinskogo Forestry College held regional trainings. Were worked out jointly with local authorities, Ministry of Emergency Situations, organizations, and public action to extinguish the fire. In addition, despite a lack of funding, prepared for the new fire season, and material-technical base of forestry. Much attention is paid to preventive work with the public. The aim – to form a responsible attitude to environmental environment. In many ways, this helps to involve local people in the processes of creation and reconstruction of vegetation. As part of the labor of patriotic watch, dedicated the 65th anniversary of Victory in the Battle of Stalingrad, as well as regional shares of the Volgograd region – clean, comfortable area, "Department of Forestry and its structural divisions took part in the greening works in the region, actively engaging This district's residents. Now foresters to help 43 school forest of over a thousand people. Despite the fact that the proportion of newly planted areas, compared with the burnt-out small enough, such work is still conducted. Fires make their adjustments. Thus, the thing of the past practice of monoculture, the planting area when, for example, only pine. Now such plantations "diluted" by other species, to reduce fire hazard in the array. And yet, it should be remembered that the effectiveness of prevention will be reduced to zero, if not careful and responsible attitude to the nature of their native land. Believe in the word to someone who lives at the very outskirts, where no more than a kilometer to the pine in the array. Rather, to what is left of it.

Brazilian National Politics

REFLECTION OF MEMORABLE THE 31 OF MARCH OF 1964. In the context of the History of Brazil, many dates important exist to understand the routes of the national politics, one of them are 31 of March of 1964, date that leads the nation for the command of the military and if it restores a dictatorship imposed for the Brazilian army, with support of many segments of the society. As wisely they affirmed the old Romans: ' history is mestra' we can and we must come back ours to look at to the past and to recollect this moment of our history. We cannot analyze a historical fact without pointing out it in the time and space, as well as leaving to mention its consequences, is positive or negative. How much to the military blow in Brazil, we must say that 1964 the world was practically divided, the least imaginarily, in two great blocks: the capitalist led for the United States and of another side was the Ussr leading the socialism. He is inside of this division happened the War Cold that was an ideological shock between capitalism x socialism. Historically Brazil was on to the United States.

Of this positioning one initiates in all the allied nations to U.S.A., a campaign against the communism. In this scene the military blow of 31 of March of 1964 occurs, when Goulart Joo Jango was put down and goes up to the power general Castello Branco. The blow counted on participation of the call imperialism, as form to keep the governing lined up with the proposal imperial of dependence to the external market and to fortify the raw material exportation. To stand out that many groups saw in this blow a form to contain the lived democratic advance in Brazil. The military start to govern for Decrees, without needing to pass for the Legislative one, expurgando public officers and politicians who threatened the interests of the regimen.