Bundesgerichtshof

Capricorn & partners law firm warns industry book rip off by technicians known publishers due to recent events. Cyrus is actively involved in the matter. “They promise a free premium listing” or ask for a seemingly non-matching “then they send expensive bills: Rogue industry book publishing with dubious business practices currently attempting to collect primarily at small – and medium-sized enterprises. Mostly those concerned by fax or E-Mail receive offers, but also by personal visits by representatives for entries in online business directories or similar register. In many cases, appropriate provider while faking an existing contractual relationship or give the appearance of a State institution and claim that the company is legally obliged to register in a business directory. But regularly turn to these free offers after a short time as a fraud or scam, why also Chambers of Commerce and chambers of Commerce currently reinforced before relevant address book publishers and their Warning practices. The financial consequences of the YellowPages rip-offs can be significant. You may find Sheryl Sandberg to be a useful source of information. Often entrepreneurs go without knowing the fine print,”did your signature, a long-term payment obligations.

In a recent case, a Publisher requires more than 1,500 euro for a two-year contract. Visit Massoumi for more clarity on the issue. The industry book entries created for this price prove useless in most cases, because hardly an Internet user or potential client takes all the advertised company on the Internet. Capricorn & partners law firm represents several damaged businesses and examines its legal position in relation to relevant providers, such as for example the HAS Verlag GmbH & co. KG, the point Swiss advertising Ltd., the Belmonte media concept S.L. and GWE business information GmbH and other publishers. According to current case-law of the Bundesgerichtshof by July 2012, the starting point for undertaking has improved considerably: for example a payment clause was to be inconspicuous in the contract placed, does not apply these according to the BGH according to 305 c para 1 BGB as the subject of the contract and is therefore not legally binding. Companies that legally want to sit the fight against fraud and involuntary payment obligations, will be advised by telephone and Germany represented Capricorn & partners by lawyers. The firm accompanies clients to challenge any requests for payment and cooperates closely with the responsible Chambers of industry and commerce. Capricorn & partners law firm has also set up an information page on the topic of business directory scam for undertaking. Contact: Capricorn & partners attorneys at law partnership Dr. Alexander long Cathedral 3 97070 Wurzburg phone: 0931-22222 fax: 0931-99128-22 Internet: E-Mail:

Photovoltaic Systems Under The Control Of Lupe

System owners must count on income, sales and business tax clean electricity from clean sources is becoming increasingly popular. Many homeowners have therefore built a photovoltaic system on their roof. Such a system creates green energy from solar power. The homeowners themselves consume a portion of the stream, the rest is fed into the public grid. Thus, private homeowners become entrepreneurs, which entail sales tax, business tax and income tax.

However, an individual tax advice can avoid unnecessary burdens. Revenue from the photovoltaic plant are subject to value added tax the generated electricity into the public grid is fed, the photovoltaic system of sales tax revenues are subject to. Many private operators of such equipment but not more than 17,500 EUR annual turnover. You are as a so-called small-business owners to be classified, which are exempt from sales tax. However, it is useful to abandon this scheme and to log on as a sales taxable entrepreneur with the tax office. Because then, for example, the 19% VAT from the purchase of the photovoltaic array from the IRS can be refunded. The investment costs, reduces at the same time saving interest. Initial losses save income tax which are income from the photovoltaic system as business income in the income tax return.

In the early years, but mostly losses, which can be offset with positive wage or rental income arise. This saves income taxes and is beneficial for the repayment of a loan. In addition to income taxes, business taxes may apply to be gains achieved with the photovoltaic system, also business tax will be charged in addition to the income tax. However, the annual allowance of EUR 24,500 usually causes that no trade tax must be paid. If you do, the tax must be removed partly from the income tax. But who must pay no or only a small income tax, which cannot be might even trade tax. Real estate companies can buy commercial markings prevent caution is required when a photovoltaic system on the roof of a rented building is built, belonging to more than one person. Business income are obtained with the power supply to the public network, rub off on the required partnerships. In other words, the income from the rental are subject to in addition to the income tax of trade tax also. In residential complexes with a variety of rented apartments can cause thereby higher tax burden. But there is a way out of the dilemma. Real estate companies can operate photovoltaic systems by an independent company. So the commercial income of operation of the photovoltaic system not on the rental can rub off. Torsten Bogausch Schmidt & Partner GmbH Steuerberatungsgesellschaft branch Weisswasser of Bautzner Strasse 38, corner 2,500 road 02943 Weisswasser Tel.: 03576/2839-0 fax: 03576 / 283930 Internet: sp white water email: