After leaving the beach of Santa Lucia is proposed towards the East of Cuba. By the North coast it has become a route very different itineraries usually proposed in tourist designs, rare in the country. Prior to 1976, Cuba was comprised of 6 provinces. That year enacted new administrative political Division and the country increased this number to 8, that is, went on to have 14 provinces. Of those 6 first provinces, East was the largest. She emerged, in turn, 5 new: Las Tunas, Holguin, Guantanamo, Santiago de Cuba and Granma. They are in the Levant and those 5 provinces you is headed Are they really stand the rest of Cuba by various aspects.
For example, from the geographical physical point of view have the largest concentration of small bays, including that of Nipe, the biggest in Cuba. Also the most navigable rivers to small boats in the local transport, including the largest river in Cuba, the Toa, and the longest river, the Cauto, who also has the basin more extensive country and navigable part of your course. It also highlights important river canyons, particularly in the eastern part of these elevations. In some next to Baracoa rivers at its mouth are a type of elongated delta and arrow-shaped known as tibaracones, unique in Cuba. Toward the eastern part is Baracoa, the first town founded by the Spanish and the only place in Cuba where it rains throughout the year. This area belongs to the massif of Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa, one of the most mountainous and places high in the country, besides having the greatest wealth of biodiversity not only our country, but also throughout the Caribbean and one of the most important places of highest concentration of endemism in the world, hence its high importance from the biogeographical point of view. Among these stands out the Almiqui (Solenodon cubanus), very primitive insectivore.