Organization

ORGANIZATIONAL CONCEPTS DICTIONARY OF THE SPANISH ROYAL ACADEMY (organization effect or action of arranging things in an orderly fashion) where organizing is defined as ‘order’, but does not say what that order. Other identified organization “system of consciously coordinated action” PM Blau.: “It is the existence of formal procedures for mobilizing and coordinating the efforts of various subgroups, usually specialized, with a view to achieving common objectives.” Max Weber: “A corporate group is understood as a social relation that is either locked out or limited by rules and regulations for the admission of outsiders. This objective is achieved by such rules and orders which are put into practice through the actions of specific individuals (director, head) and an administrative group. BARNARD “a system of consciously coordinated activities or forces of two or more people. It involves a specific situation in which cooperation and its components are several different systems (physical, biological, psychological) but what unifies and relates them is the organization” Argyris Affirms that the fundamental property of an organization is its logical foundation, its essential rationality.A formal organization is based on certain principles such as specialization of tasks, the chain of command, unity of direction, rationality, and so on. Etzioni “a social unit that has been created to achieve specific goals: cooperatives, businesses, hospitals, churches, prisons, schools …” Katz and Kahn Defined as a system of energy consumption-the result, in which the reactive power resulting from the system.Social organizations are open systems that interact with their environment Weinert “an organization is a collective whole with relatively fixed boundaries and identifiable with a regulatory organization with a hierarchical system of authority, with a communication system, and a coordinated system members, the collective whole is formed by a relatively continuous basis within an environment that surrounds and is engaged in actions and activities that typically have a final goal or objective, or set of ultimate goals or objectives. SCHEIN Specify something else so the organization would be “rational coordination of the activities of a number of people attempting to achieve a common goal and purpose and by explicit division of roles and work through a hierarchy of authority and responsibility . Etzioni Drawing on his theory sociological that has broken the “communitarianism,” the organization conceived as a social institution deliberately created and recreated to achieve specific objectives.Be characterized by the division of labor, power and responsibilities within the communications, division is not produced by chance or by tradition, but deliberately. KATZ AND PARTNERS In a frame of reference to the theory cybernetics, defining the organization as an open system in which the energy input and output in subsequent conversion of energy inputs involves transactions between the organization and its environment.