Collective Agreements

The question of the right to strike, despite it subjects the regulation, also represented a great advance for the freedom of action filed by labor union, therefore it left to exist the legal figure of the legal or illegal strike, becoming this a right of the workers. On the other hand, the question of the union dues, although the opposition of more modern sectors of the unionism against this type of contribution, was kept. By the way, the manifestation of the sectors most advanced of the unionism, seems that it was more speech of what will politics accomplishes to eliminate this obligatory and paternalista figure, arrives in port since it financial deriving of this source is significant and important for the maintenance of the activities of majority of the entities. Considering its origin as institution, the Brazilian unionism pautou for a umbilical entailing to the State or the dominant politics in this. Usually, it was used as component of maneuver of some governing for its intentions electoral politicians. This situation occurred until the end of the representative democratic system in 1964, when the military had breached the institucional order and had assumed the power through strong repressive system, that reached the entailed syndical leaderships to the considered political parties of left. From then on, the action filed by labor union was restricted to the assistencial field, without any power of decision in the working conflicts that pass to the court of appeals of the State.

This establishes the indices of wage correction to be applied, being the union only with the bureaucratic function of homologador. The Collective Agreements, in the dates of negotiation of the professional categories, pass to be defined by Justice of the Work that, without exception, kept the indices settled for the Federal Government through the Ministry of the Planning. The taxable incomes of the wage readjustments had for reference the average inflation of last the twenty and four months and a tax of productivity based on the national average of all the industrial sectors.