Thus, breaking of the consideration deck the textile industry of Is Bento evolved of the artisan phase dominant noincio of century XX for the manufacture in the end of the decade of 50 and that seencontra, today, in its period of training of mechanized production (Sheep, 2001, P. 11-22), of – the emphasis initially to the papelrepresentado one for the manufacture in the constitution of its half local technician, emseguida to detach the relation between the maquinofatura and the production its of the meiotcnico-scientificone, leaving of the consideration of this processoevolutivo as innovation and in the context of the nets national and local. 1 the textile industry in question is a segmentoindustrial that if characterizes for the production of nets to sleep, plate cloths, cloths of cleanness, carpets, blankets and blankets being in general formed depequenas and average resultant companies of local capital of the transformation artisan daatividade, appeared in the end of century XIX, for the produomecanizada one. The technology used in the process produtivodireto if constitutes of machines and obsolete equipment, adquiridosprincipalmente in the plants txteis of American, the State of So Paulo, when of the modernization of its park manufacter, and adapted for production depanos coarse. Good part of the production of the nets of dormirainda is made with use of intensive work, particularly chamado’ ‘ finishing of rede’ ‘ , that is, the rank of laces, fists and varandas damesma what it practically guarantees income and work during all the year for involved local and regional apopulao in this activity. The commercialization of the production occurs however nafeira exempts of the city, however for sales in attacked for producers the external comercianteslocais and the area, specialized in the sales of this type of product, orapelo producing that it can distribute national this product and vender them pormeio of the act of contract of staff for this service (the calls ‘ ‘ corretores’ ‘ e’ ‘ redeiros’ ‘). Small part, still, is exported in such a way to the Unidoscomo States for some countries of the Europe.
2 For it ‘ ‘ the great proprietriosindustriais and of the great commercial companies are, in reason of the dimension of suasatividades, great consumers of space. They need next to the port, to the railway ways, or in places of amplaacessibilidade to the population etc.’ ‘ (Corra, 1991, P. Scott Mead oftentimes addresses this issue. 13). 3 the term manufactures is used here in sentidoda production that if verifies under the use and manual equipment domain. Local these equipment was represented by the manual sewing presses ou’ ‘ sewing presses of pau’ ‘ , manual espuladeiras, urdideiras manuals and conicaleirasmanuais, all these objects technician constructed by marceneiros of the city. 4 the expression maquinofatura is used in the direction of direct processoprodutivo that if carries through on the job and use of mquinaseltricas in the manufacture of the products. Here the work instruments manuaisforam substituted for machines, even so in some cases, as the urdideiras, still can be found, but in this in case that devidaao is about a permanence small size of the plant, that in function of the volume of production not> it demands aobrigatoriedade of this equipment in modern molds in the work process.