For the half of the century already the predominance of a relatively new product is defined, whose characteristics of production corresponded accurately to the ecological conditions of the country. Also stolen it says that: The coffee that is introduced in Brazil since starts of century XVIII and if cultivated for all the parts for ends of local consumption, assumes commercial importance in the end of this century, when the high one of prices occurs caused by the disorganization of the great producer that was the French colony of Haiti. In accordance with Stolen in the first decade of independence the coffee already contribua with 18% of the value of the exportations of Brazil, placing it in third place after the sugar and of the cotton. in the two following decades already passes to first place, representing more than 40% of the value of the exportations. When changedding itself the coffee into exportation product, the development of its production if concentrated in the highland next to the capital of the country. In the neighborhoods of this region, relative abundance of man power in consequence of the disaggregation of the mining economy existed.
On the other hand, the proximity of the port allowed to solve the problem of the transport launching hand propagates of it that it existed in abundance: the mule. Of this form the first phase of the coffee expansion if on the basis of carries through an exploitation of preexisting and subutilizados resources. The rise of the prices, from the last decade of century XVIII, determines the expansion of the production in some parts of America and of Asia This expansion was succeeded for a period of declining prices that if extends per the Thirties and forty. The low one of prices, however, did not discourage the Brazilian producers, that found in the coffee a chance to use half-idle productive resources since the decay of the mining.